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tv   Journal  PBS  August 20, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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wechsler into the "journal," coming july from dw in berlin -- >> welcome to the "journal." under pressure from british police. "the guardian" newspaper has destroyed hard drives with nsa documents but says there are safe copies elsewhere. >> the lead him of the muslim brotherhood in egypt has been the white house criticizes the move and considers cutting aid to cairo. >> get them while they are hot -- he gets to the soccer world cup go on sale in brazil --
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tickets to the soccer world cup go on sale in brazil. >> the british government is stepping up its pressure on journalists looking into the nsa's global spying operations. police in london have overseen the destruction of hard drives at "the guardian" newspaper. >> but the efforts were to no avail because editors say there are copies in other locations, some of which are believed to be here in berlin. >> this latest effort comes after the partner of the journalists breaking the story was detained. >> two british security officials recently arrived at "the guardian" newspaper in london. their mission was to oversee the destruction of hard drives containing documents leaked by edward snowden. in the weeks before that, the british government had told the paper to hand over or destroy the documents or face legal
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action. it's a moment the editor of "the guardian" describes as one of the most bizarre in the history of the newspaper. >> i explained that there were other copies not within the uk, so i could not really see the point of destroying one copy, but because we had other copies, i was happy to destroy a copy in london. >> although the destruction was ineffectual, the story has still raised questions about dress freedom in the uk. that's adding to the pressure on david cameron's government. the main opposition party is calling for an urgent investigation into the use of anti-terror powers by security officials. the case of david miranda has stoked the flames further. he is the partner of the journalist at "the guardian" who
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published edward snowden's revelations about the u.s. and spying. miranda was detained for nine hours and then released without charge, but his mobile phone, laptop, and memory sticks were all confiscated. >> it was not one question about terrorism. not one. they asked me about my role in this nsa document story. >> david miranda is now taking legal action over the incident. >> meanwhile, the man behind the biggest leak of classified documents in u.s. history is to learn his fate. a military judge in maryland has begun deliberating was sentenced to give bradley manning. >> he could be jailed for up to 90 years after being convicted last month on 20 offenses including espionage and stealing protected information. he passed hundreds of thousands of military and automatic documents onto the whistleblowing platform wikileaks, including information on possible war crimes in iraq.
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these -- the decision is not expected before wednesday. to egypt now, and the country's military government has taken further steps to crack down on the country's military protests. >> the interim government is considering an outright ban on the brotherhood. >> the detention was widely featured on egyptian state television. the 70-year-old spiritual leader of the muslim brotherhood is one of egypt's most influential men. his arrest in a cairo apartment monday night means that almost all of the organization's leaders are imprisoned, but members say they will continue protesting against last month's coup. >> he is of huge value to us. but the brotherhood operates as a coalition at all levels of society, and this will not affect our operations or our
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right to protest. >> news of the arrest spread swiftly and was welcomed by many in cairo. >> thank god he has been arrested. they should do everything necessary to stop the muslim brotherhood. >> his arrest is good. he and his deputy are said to be the brains of the organization, so the police have made a good move. >> it is also a signal that the military is determined to stop the brotherhood. >> let's go now live for more on the story to cairo and our correspondent. first off, how serious a blow is this arrest for the muslim brotherhood? >> it is, of course, a blow.
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it's something that did not happen under mubarak. the military obviously overstepped its redline, and they are expressing that they aren't are in pain and in shock, but in reality, the muslim brotherhood has a long experience in 80 years of its history, also to work undercover, so i do not think that this will somehow a act there -- somehow affect their operational capabilities. >> with the news we got yesterday about mubarak possibly being released from prison, could you say the 20 11th revolution in egypt is being completely undone, that the clock is being turned back? >> everything seems to be turned upside down. the supreme guard of the muslim brotherhood right now is in the same prison as mubarak sits today, causing speculation that mubarak might the released tomorrow. you can see how a mubarak
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release would be a big symbolic act that the revolution has turned around. >> thanks so much for those insights. in germany, chancellor angela merkel took a break from the campaign trail to visit the former concentration camp near munich. >> she had been invited to the memorial by a survivor of the camp. merkel laid a wreath at the memorial and toward part of the camp museum. it is the first time a german chancellor has visited the camp while in office. more than 200 thousand people were imprisoned there between 1933 and 1845 when it was overrated by american troops. at least 80,000 people were murdered there. for more on this story, we are joined by our political correspondent. thanks so much for joining us. this is obviously a visit heavy with symbolism. why is the chancellor visiting
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now? >> pragmatically speaking, she was due to attend a campaign rally in bavaria, very important to the christian democrats sister party, so she was due to speak there and then received an invitation from a survivor who had heard that she planned to visit. we saw him in the picture there. he is 93 years old, and the chancellor then accepted that, and it is a very symbolic act. she is the first chancellor to visit, a surprising fact, given how important this concentration camp was, but no chancellor has traveled there before, and she said she went there with feelings of shame and sadness. >> the timing has been raising some eyebrows, with some calling it election nearing. >> that's right. she received some criticism, particularly from the green party spokesman, who said it was reprehensible to combine the
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visit with a campaign rally, but frankly, you might just as well post the question why has no chancellor been there before, and what would it have look like if she had attended a campaign rally in a city by the same name and not onto the concentration camp? jewish citizens are praising her, and it is a rare opportunity to meet with a survivor who is 93. i think in the end, surely, the positive resonance for this meeting will outweigh the criticism. >> thank you so much for your analysis. >> there's plenty more coming up in this program, including news about new leaks at japan's fukushima nuclear power plant raising plenty of alarm bells. >> first, let's have a look at some other stories this hour. a pakistani court has indicted warmer army chief and president pervez musharraf on murder charges relating to the
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assassination of benazir bhutto -- former army chief and president pervez musharraf. >> lawmakers in the czech republic have voted to resolve the lower house of parliament head of elections set for this fall. the country's former prime minister stepped down following a corruption scandal. now the leftist interim government has come under fire itself for mismanagement. >> american crime writer elmore leonard has died. he was 87. he wrote more than 40 novels, many of them made into tv shows or films, among them "shorty" and the paul newman movie "hombre." >> now to that very disturbing story from japan. radioactive water has leaked from a storage tank at japan's destroyed fukushima powerplant. >> operators say the leak is
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still ongoing and the highly toxic water has likely siege into the soil. the power plant was shut down because of severe damage from the 20 11th earthquake and tsunami. >> the leak is happening in one of the hundreds of tanks built to store huge amounts of contaminated water used to cool the reactors at fukushima. officials say a puddle that formed near the radiation is in meeting a dangerously high dose of radiation. >> 100 miller sieverts per hour is equivalent to the limit for a cumulative exposure over five years for nuclear workers. basically, we have found a radiation level strong enough to give someone a five-year dose of radiation within one hour. >> the tanks where this leak are happening are located on high ground away from the coast, and it is unlikely the water reaches the ocean, but earlier this month, the company admitted that
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an estimated re-hundred tons of lower-level contaminated water was flowing into the pacific on a daily basis -- 300 tons of lower-level contaminated water. >> eight people were killed and more than 130,000 displaced in floods that crippled the philippine capital, manila, for the second day on tuesday. >> the weather has shut down commercial life, and authorities expect chaos. >> manila has not seen rainfall like this for a long time. by tuesday, more than half the capital was under water. after a number of rivers burst their banks, authorities ordered the evacuation of thousands of people. the wait for rescue was a tense one for some. >> we are afraid the floodwater will keep rising. my kids are upstairs, and we are waiting for the rescue boats to help us in back you.
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>> torrential rains have been battling manila and the northern provinces and the weekend as the tropical storm slowly crossed the northern philippines. streets turned into rivers with water rising above two meters in some parts of the city of 12 million. at its worst, more than half of the capital was under water. given the scale of the flooding, the casualty figures have been low. the city has learned from the events of 2009 when rapidly rising waters killed more than 400 people. >> tickets for next year's soccer world cup in brazil have gone on sale on the internet. >> if you act now, you may have a at one of the games. >> it may still look like a building site, but by next number, around 3 million football fans are expected to fill brazil's world cup stadiums.
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from today, fans can register to buy tickets online via the fifa website. there's a random draw to decide who actually gets one. this time, fans cannot travel packages that include it gets. of the tickets up for grabs, international fans get 21%. nearly 13% are reserved for home fans. a good 18% are vip tickets, costing up to 120,000 euros. the biggest portion goes to the sponsors. the rest is reserved for the media, stadium workers, and fifa. so the odds do not look good for your average soccer fan. they have to look to alternative means to increase their chances of getting a ticket. >> fans will have to take part in as many sponsor competitions as possible to try to get a pticket. you could say it is good there are chances to win, but it should not be that way.
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>> for fans, it is a case of keeping eyes open and fingers crossed, both for their teams and for a ticket. >> coming up after a short rate, capital is fleeing india as the ru
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>> welcome back. big, emerging economies like china and india have been seen as the booming places that will power global growth. >> but economic growth has been slowing down sharply, especially in india. the country's currency has lost almost 60% of its value against the u.s. dollar this year alone. >> none of the steps introduced by the government seemed to have stopped the slide. >> on monday, the rupee hit a record low, and analysts fear asia's third-largest economy is staring at a full-blown economic crisis. >> neither new customs duties
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nor limits on overseas investments have managed to halt the slide of the rupee. i's currency is recording new lows against the dollar on an almost elite basis. at i's stock exchange -- i -- there are rumors that india's central bank has made moves to stall the decline, but there are rumors a fiscal crisis is still to come. >> we have been going down the past two or three quarters, and now our rupee has touched a never seen low. i think this time, the recession is more fundamental. i think it is more serious, and it will be definitely more troublesome. >> many foreign investors are reacting to the threat of crisis by pulling money out of india and urgently needed economic reforms are making slow progress. >> it is not just i's currency
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that has lost its shine. indonesia's currency is also under fire right now. the stock market is plunging, and the currency has had a four- year low against the dollar. >> the country is suffering from slowing growth, high inflation, and a widening current account deficit. foreign investors have also been pulling money out of emerging markets over concerns that the u.s. federal reserve will wind down its monetary stimulus program. >> the concerns are, of course, not limited to asia's germany's finance minister says greece will need yet another bailout after 2014. >> but schauble has ruled out another haircut on greek debt. greece has already received two bailouts worth a total of 240 billion euros. the country's economy has been shrinking for more than five years, and tax revenues continue to fall short of forecasts.
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that was one of the topics on traders' minds at the frankfurt stock exchange. we have this summary from the trading floor. >> a recommendation from germany's finance minister was seen coming for a long time. he ruled out another haircut -- that people do not believe. they think a haircut is forthcoming and necessary. the situation in greece is too bad. the debt is too high. the economy is too weak for greece to get back on track without having debt release -- relief. that talk did not affect shares today. they went down, but because the u.s. central bank is going to release the minutes of its last meeting on wednesday, and people hope to gain some sort of understanding what kind of course of action they have in the future. people here fear that the fed will step on the brake.
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>> let's get a closer look at the numbers now. germany's blue-chip dax ended .8% lower. the euro stoxx fell 1.25%. in the u.s., the dow jones average is up .28%, and at last check, the euro is trading at $1.3420. >> 16 asian and pacific countries have started negotiations aimed at creating a huge free trade zone by 2014. >> economic ministers began talks including the association of southeast asian nations plus china, india, japan, south korea, australia, and new zealand. if the talks are successful, they will result in a free-trade zone for 1/3 of the world occupation -- population.
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>> as you may have noticed, it is campaign season in germany. yesterday, we started our week long look at the masterminds running for office. >> the nation goes to the polls in just a couple of weeks, so there's not much time left, and all hands are on deck to persuade any wavering voters. >> today, we get a look high and the scenes at the election campaign of the social democrats. >> matias schmidt is campaigning to be elected for the social left democrats. he is struggling to get his message across. >> i keep hearing complaints about the people at the top, and i'm very unhappy about it. this morning, a voter said to me, "i cannot vote for you because i want to stop mr. steinbrueck." >> he says he likes peer steinbrueck, but his enthusiasm is not shared by others in the
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party. >> peer steinbrueck? i'm campaigning for him, but i will be honest with you -- my heart is not really in it. >> that is despite his considerable experience and his straight talking manner. but he can come across as blunt. some consider him pompous. he was finance minister and angela merkel's previous administration, a grand coalition of conservatives and social democrats. he earned respect as a steady hand in the financial crisis, but he has wasted much of his political capital during this campaign, especially, polls show, among women voters. >> i think he is too smooth. >> i think he is a bit too crude . >> concern is growing among campaign managers at the spd's headquarters. repairing peer steinbrueck's
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image is difficult, and there is no united front in the party. the last candidate for chancellor has been strangely absent from this campaign. some party members think he has already written off the election as a lost cause. then there is the party leader -- he has been of little assistance to peer steinbrueck in terms of personality and politics. >> it is mostly happy, but occasionally, there is friction like in a real marriage, but it has to be said that friction creates warmth. >> mattias schmidt is not convinced.
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instead, he hopes voters will judge him on his own merits. >> tomorrow, we will be shining a spotlight on the green party. corruption in afghanistan is legendary, but even that country's heart and citizens were taken aback by the audacity of police in kabul, who have been increasingly seizing cars for the slightest of infractions. >> afghan drivers are well advised to keep a few tank notes handy in case they are pulled over by the local boys in blue. the alternative is to see their car go to an automotive guantanamo. >> locals call this parking lot in kabul guantanamo. once your car ends up here, you may never get it back. officially, it is the parking lot for police vehicles, but it looks more like the garbage dump . kabul police can impound your car for breaking even the
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slightest of traffic rules. a simple parking violation is enough or your car to be towed away. police impounded this car because the driver did not have his registration papers on him. it has taken him 10 days to get it back. he says it is a lesson he will not soon forget. >> it took me a week to get the right papers. i will not be making that mistake again. now that i know how hard it is to get your car out of this place, at least. >> kabul's traffic control has a tough reputation. once they get your hands on your car, they make you work very hard to get it back. driving in kabul daman's full concentration -- the demands -- demands full concentration. today, over half a million cars
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drive on the city's roads. there is no room for leniency. >> of course we have to punish drivers who offend. if we made it easy for people to get their cars back, then they would just break the rules again. >> but what if police break the rules? drivers not ready with cash are more likely to have their cars impounded. >> the police are all corrupt. they asked me for money when they pull me over. i did not have any on me, so they took my car. >> he can count himself lucky. most people never get their cars back. after two years, the cars become police property and are sold for a profit. >> we are staying in afghanistan now for this one sports items.
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afghanistan -- the result of their latest mass was not all that mattered. >> simply stepping out for the pitch was a victory. officials said the match showed the country was returning to normality. 6000 people turned out or the game, and the crowd got what they wanted. and of course, it is all about showing up. >> that's right. remember, there's more on all of the stories on our website at >> we will be back at the top of the hour. see you then. captioned by the national captioning institute
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